Monday, May 4, 2015

Arduino + ESP8266 - a simpe web server response with HTML

Implement a web server with Arduino Due + ESP8266 ESP-12, response HTML page.




Connection:
ESP-12 VCC connect to separated power of 3.3V
Due GND - ESP-12 GND
Due TX3 - ESP-12 RX
Due RX3 - ESP-12 TX
ESP-12 CH_PD connect to ESP-12 VCC

Due connect with PC USB, such that we can monitor the status of ESP-12.

Start Serial Monitor, at 9600 baud, to reset and start run the program.

Due8266Web.ino
/*
Arduino Due - ESP 8266 WiFi Module
Serial (Tx/Rx) communicate to PC via USB
Serial3 (Tx3/Rx3) connect to ESP8266
Tx3 - ESP8266 Rx
Rx3 - ESP8266 Tx
ESP8266 CH_PD Connect to ESP8266 VCC
*/
#define ASCII_0 48
#define ESP8266 Serial3
String SSID = "TestAP";
String PASSWORD = "12345678";

int LED = 13;

boolean FAIL_8266 = false;

String strHTML = "<!doctype html>\
<html>\
<head>\
<title>arduino-er</title>\
</head>\
<body>\
<H1>arduino-er.blogspot.com</H1>\
</body>\
</html>";

void setup() {
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
  
  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);
  delay(300);
  digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);
  delay(200);
  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);
  delay(300);
  digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);
  delay(200);
  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);
  delay(300);
  digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);
  delay(200);
  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);

  do{
    Serial.begin(9600);
    ESP8266.begin(9600);
  
    //Wait Serial Monitor to start
    while(!Serial);
    Serial.println("--- Start ---");

    ESP8266.println("AT+RST");
    delay(1000);
    if(ESP8266.find("ready"))
    {
      Serial.println("Module is ready");
      ESP8266.println("AT+CWMODE=1");
      delay(2000);
      
      //Quit existing AP, for demo
      Serial.println("Quit AP");
      ESP8266.println("AT+CWQAP");
      delay(1000);
      
      clearESP8266SerialBuffer();
      if(cwJoinAP())
      {
        Serial.println("CWJAP Success");
        FAIL_8266 = false;
        
        delay(3000);
        clearESP8266SerialBuffer();
        //Get and display my IP
        sendESP8266Cmdln("AT+CIFSR", 1000);  
        //Set multi connections
        sendESP8266Cmdln("AT+CIPMUX=1", 1000);
        //Setup web server on port 80
        sendESP8266Cmdln("AT+CIPSERVER=1,80",1000);
        
        Serial.println("Server setup finish");
      }else{
        Serial.println("CWJAP Fail");
        delay(500);
        FAIL_8266 = true;
      }
    }else{
      Serial.println("Module have no response.");
      delay(500);
      FAIL_8266 = true;
    }
  }while(FAIL_8266);
  
  digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);
}

void loop(){
  if(ESP8266.available())
  {
    Serial.println("Something received");
    delay(1000);
    if(ESP8266.find("+IPD,"))
    {
      String action;
      
      Serial.println("+IPD, found");
      int connectionId = ESP8266.read()-ASCII_0;
      Serial.println("connectionId: " + String(connectionId));
      
      sendHTTPResponse(connectionId, strHTML);
      
      //Close TCP/UDP
      String cmdCIPCLOSE = "AT+CIPCLOSE="; 
      cmdCIPCLOSE += connectionId;
      sendESP8266Cmdln(cmdCIPCLOSE, 1000);
    }
  }
}

void sendHTTPResponse(int id, String content)
{
  String response;
  response = "HTTP/1.1 200 OK\r\n";
  response += "Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8\r\n"; 
  response += "Content-Length: ";
  response += content.length();
  response += "\r\n";
  response +="Connection: close\r\n\r\n";
  response += content;

  String cmd = "AT+CIPSEND=";
  cmd += id;
  cmd += ",";
  cmd += response.length();
  
  Serial.println("--- AT+CIPSEND ---");
  sendESP8266Cmdln(cmd, 1000);
  
  Serial.println("--- data ---");
  sendESP8266Data(response, 1000);
}

boolean waitOKfromESP8266(int timeout)
{
  do{
    Serial.println("wait OK...");
    delay(1000);
    if(ESP8266.find("OK"))
    {
      return true;
    }

  }while((timeout--)>0);
  return false;
}

boolean cwJoinAP()
{
  String cmd="AT+CWJAP=\"" + SSID + "\",\"" + PASSWORD + "\"";
  ESP8266.println(cmd);
  return waitOKfromESP8266(10);
}

//Send command to ESP8266, assume OK, no error check
//wait some time and display respond
void sendESP8266Cmdln(String cmd, int waitTime)
{
  ESP8266.println(cmd);
  delay(waitTime);
  clearESP8266SerialBuffer();
}

//Basically same as sendESP8266Cmdln()
//But call ESP8266.print() instead of call ESP8266.println()
void sendESP8266Data(String data, int waitTime)
{
  ESP8266.print(data);
  delay(waitTime);
  clearESP8266SerialBuffer();
}

//Clear and display Serial Buffer for ESP8266
void clearESP8266SerialBuffer()
{
  Serial.println("= clearESP8266SerialBuffer() =");
  while (ESP8266.available() > 0) {
    char a = ESP8266.read();
    Serial.write(a);
  }
  Serial.println("==============================");
}

Remark:
As shown in the video, it's sometimes unstable! Read the improved version in next post "Arduino + ESP8266 - Web Server (II)".

1 comment:


  1. How to solve the server issue is automatically falling ???

    ReplyDelete