Friday, April 24, 2015

Arduino Nano + GY-271 (Digital Compass module) + OLED

This example show a Arduino Nano, connect with GY-271 Digital Compass module and 0.96" 128x64 OLED via a common I2C bus. GY-271 is a Digital Compass module using HMC5883L, a 3-Axis Digital Compass IC. The reading from GY-271 (x, y, abd z) is display on the OLED. Arduino Nano communicate with GY-271 via I2C bus using Wire library. Arduino Nano communicate with 0.96" 128x64 OLED via the same I2C bus, using u8glib library. I'm not sure is it 100% compatible to use both Wire and u8glib libraries, both share the common I2C bus. Anyway in this example it work.

VCC of GY-271, OLED and Arduino Nano connect together.
GND of GY-271, OLED and Arduino Nano connect together.
SCL of GY-271 and OLED connect to A5 of Arduino Nano.
SDA of GY-271 and OLED connect to A4 of Arduino Nano.
DRDY of GY-271 no connection.
(In the following Fritzing drawing, the HMC5883 breakout not exactly my GY-271 module, just to show the connect of SCL and SDA.)

#include "U8glib.h"
#include <Wire.h> //I2C Arduino Library

#define address 0x1E //0011110b, I2C 7bit address of HMC5883

U8GLIB_SSD1306_128X64 u8g(U8G_I2C_OPT_NONE|U8G_I2C_OPT_DEV_0);

int x,y,z; //triple axis data

char bufferX [20];
char bufferY [20];
char bufferZ [20];

void draw(void) {
  u8g.drawStr( 0, 20, bufferX);
  u8g.drawStr( 0, 40, bufferY);
  u8g.drawStr( 0, 60, bufferZ);


void setup(void) {
  x = 0;
  y = 0;
  z = 0;
  //Put the HMC5883 IC into the correct operating mode
  Wire.beginTransmission(address); //open communication with HMC5883
  Wire.write(0x02); //select mode register
  Wire.write(0x00); //continuous measurement mode


void loop(void) {
  //Tell the HMC5883 where to begin reading data
  Wire.write(0x03); //select register 3, X MSB register
 //Read data from each axis, 2 registers per axis
  Wire.requestFrom(address, 6);
    x =<<8; //X msb
    x |=; //X lsb
    z =<<8; //Z msb
    z |=; //Z lsb
    y =<<8; //Y msb
    y |=; //Y lsb
  sprintf(bufferX, "x : %d", x);
  sprintf(bufferY, "y : %d", y);
  sprintf(bufferZ, "z : %d", z);

  do {
  } while( u8g.nextPage() );

Then I tried to find the bearing by calling atan2((double)y, (double)x) * 180/M_PI, but get a very big error without calibration. Finally I found a library with auto calibration, read next: HMC5883L library with calibration, for Arduino.

About 3-Axis Digital Compass IC HMC5883L:

- 3-Axis Digital Compass IC HMC5883L
- Application Note – AN226 Honeywell HMC5883L/HMC5983 3-Axis Digital Compass IC Pin Configuration for I2C Communication

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