Thursday, August 28, 2014

Port ASCII font to Arduino + 8*8 LED Matrix

https://github.com/dhepper/font8x8 is a collection of header files containing a 8x8 bitmap font. In this example, the font8x8_basic.h is port to Arduino, to display the 8x8 font on LED Matrix.



/*
 *  Modify from Row-Column Scanning an 8x8 LED matrix tutorial
 *  http://arduino-er.blogspot.com/
 */
 
 /*
  *  The 8x8 font is ported from 
  *  https://github.com/dhepper/font8x8/blob/master/font8x8_basic.h
  */

byte font[128][8] = {
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0000 (nul)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0001
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0002
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0003
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0004
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0005
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0006
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0007
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0008
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0009
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000A
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000B
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000C
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000D
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000E
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+000F
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0010
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0011
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0012
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0013
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0014
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0015
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0016
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0017
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0018
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0019
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001A
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001B
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001C
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001D
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001E
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+001F
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0020 (space)
    { 0x18, 0x3C, 0x3C, 0x18, 0x18, 0x00, 0x18, 0x00},   // U+0021 (!)
    { 0x36, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0022 (")
    { 0x36, 0x36, 0x7F, 0x36, 0x7F, 0x36, 0x36, 0x00},   // U+0023 (#)
    { 0x0C, 0x3E, 0x03, 0x1E, 0x30, 0x1F, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+0024 ($)
    { 0x00, 0x63, 0x33, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x66, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+0025 (%)
    { 0x1C, 0x36, 0x1C, 0x6E, 0x3B, 0x33, 0x6E, 0x00},   // U+0026 (&)
    { 0x06, 0x06, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0027 (')
    { 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x00},   // U+0028 (()
    { 0x06, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x00},   // U+0029 ())
    { 0x00, 0x66, 0x3C, 0xFF, 0x3C, 0x66, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+002A (*)
    { 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x3F, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+002B (+)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x06},   // U+002C (,)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x3F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+002D (-)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+002E (.)
    { 0x60, 0x30, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x03, 0x01, 0x00},   // U+002F (/)
    { 0x3E, 0x63, 0x73, 0x7B, 0x6F, 0x67, 0x3E, 0x00},   // U+0030 (0)
    { 0x0C, 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x3F, 0x00},   // U+0031 (1)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x30, 0x1C, 0x06, 0x33, 0x3F, 0x00},   // U+0032 (2)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x30, 0x1C, 0x30, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0033 (3)
    { 0x38, 0x3C, 0x36, 0x33, 0x7F, 0x30, 0x78, 0x00},   // U+0034 (4)
    { 0x3F, 0x03, 0x1F, 0x30, 0x30, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0035 (5)
    { 0x1C, 0x06, 0x03, 0x1F, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0036 (6)
    { 0x3F, 0x33, 0x30, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+0037 (7)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0038 (8)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3E, 0x30, 0x18, 0x0E, 0x00},   // U+0039 (9)
    { 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+003A (:)
    { 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x06},   // U+003B (//)
    { 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x03, 0x06, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x00},   // U+003C (<)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x3F, 0x00, 0x00, 0x3F, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+003D (=)
    { 0x06, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x30, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x06, 0x00},   // U+003E (>)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x30, 0x18, 0x0C, 0x00, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+003F (?)
    { 0x3E, 0x63, 0x7B, 0x7B, 0x7B, 0x03, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0040 (@)
    { 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3F, 0x33, 0x33, 0x00},   // U+0041 (A)
    { 0x3F, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3E, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3F, 0x00},   // U+0042 (B)
    { 0x3C, 0x66, 0x03, 0x03, 0x03, 0x66, 0x3C, 0x00},   // U+0043 (C)
    { 0x1F, 0x36, 0x66, 0x66, 0x66, 0x36, 0x1F, 0x00},   // U+0044 (D)
    { 0x7F, 0x46, 0x16, 0x1E, 0x16, 0x46, 0x7F, 0x00},   // U+0045 (E)
    { 0x7F, 0x46, 0x16, 0x1E, 0x16, 0x06, 0x0F, 0x00},   // U+0046 (F)
    { 0x3C, 0x66, 0x03, 0x03, 0x73, 0x66, 0x7C, 0x00},   // U+0047 (G)
    { 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3F, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x00},   // U+0048 (H)
    { 0x1E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0049 (I)
    { 0x78, 0x30, 0x30, 0x30, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+004A (J)
    { 0x67, 0x66, 0x36, 0x1E, 0x36, 0x66, 0x67, 0x00},   // U+004B (K)
    { 0x0F, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x46, 0x66, 0x7F, 0x00},   // U+004C (L)
    { 0x63, 0x77, 0x7F, 0x7F, 0x6B, 0x63, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+004D (M)
    { 0x63, 0x67, 0x6F, 0x7B, 0x73, 0x63, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+004E (N)
    { 0x1C, 0x36, 0x63, 0x63, 0x63, 0x36, 0x1C, 0x00},   // U+004F (O)
    { 0x3F, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3E, 0x06, 0x06, 0x0F, 0x00},   // U+0050 (P)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3B, 0x1E, 0x38, 0x00},   // U+0051 (Q)
    { 0x3F, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3E, 0x36, 0x66, 0x67, 0x00},   // U+0052 (R)
    { 0x1E, 0x33, 0x07, 0x0E, 0x38, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0053 (S)
    { 0x3F, 0x2D, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0054 (T)
    { 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3F, 0x00},   // U+0055 (U)
    { 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+0056 (V)
    { 0x63, 0x63, 0x63, 0x6B, 0x7F, 0x77, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+0057 (W)
    { 0x63, 0x63, 0x36, 0x1C, 0x1C, 0x36, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+0058 (X)
    { 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0059 (Y)
    { 0x7F, 0x63, 0x31, 0x18, 0x4C, 0x66, 0x7F, 0x00},   // U+005A (Z)
    { 0x1E, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x06, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+005B ([)
    { 0x03, 0x06, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x30, 0x60, 0x40, 0x00},   // U+005C (\)
    { 0x1E, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+005D (])
    { 0x08, 0x1C, 0x36, 0x63, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+005E (^)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xFF},   // U+005F (_)
    { 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x18, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+0060 (`)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1E, 0x30, 0x3E, 0x33, 0x6E, 0x00},   // U+0061 (a)
    { 0x07, 0x06, 0x06, 0x3E, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3B, 0x00},   // U+0062 (b)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1E, 0x33, 0x03, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0063 (c)
    { 0x38, 0x30, 0x30, 0x3e, 0x33, 0x33, 0x6E, 0x00},   // U+0064 (d)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1E, 0x33, 0x3f, 0x03, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0065 (e)
    { 0x1C, 0x36, 0x06, 0x0f, 0x06, 0x06, 0x0F, 0x00},   // U+0066 (f)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x6E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3E, 0x30, 0x1F},   // U+0067 (g)
    { 0x07, 0x06, 0x36, 0x6E, 0x66, 0x66, 0x67, 0x00},   // U+0068 (h)
    { 0x0C, 0x00, 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+0069 (i)
    { 0x30, 0x00, 0x30, 0x30, 0x30, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E},   // U+006A (j)
    { 0x07, 0x06, 0x66, 0x36, 0x1E, 0x36, 0x67, 0x00},   // U+006B (k)
    { 0x0E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+006C (l)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x33, 0x7F, 0x7F, 0x6B, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+006D (m)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1F, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x00},   // U+006E (n)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x1E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x00},   // U+006F (o)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x3B, 0x66, 0x66, 0x3E, 0x06, 0x0F},   // U+0070 (p)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x6E, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3E, 0x30, 0x78},   // U+0071 (q)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x3B, 0x6E, 0x66, 0x06, 0x0F, 0x00},   // U+0072 (r)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x3E, 0x03, 0x1E, 0x30, 0x1F, 0x00},   // U+0073 (s)
    { 0x08, 0x0C, 0x3E, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x2C, 0x18, 0x00},   // U+0074 (t)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x6E, 0x00},   // U+0075 (u)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x1E, 0x0C, 0x00},   // U+0076 (v)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x63, 0x6B, 0x7F, 0x7F, 0x36, 0x00},   // U+0077 (w)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x63, 0x36, 0x1C, 0x36, 0x63, 0x00},   // U+0078 (x)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x33, 0x33, 0x33, 0x3E, 0x30, 0x1F},   // U+0079 (y)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x3F, 0x19, 0x0C, 0x26, 0x3F, 0x00},   // U+007A (z)
    { 0x38, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x07, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x38, 0x00},   // U+007B ({)
    { 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x00, 0x18, 0x18, 0x18, 0x00},   // U+007C (|)
    { 0x07, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x38, 0x0C, 0x0C, 0x07, 0x00},   // U+007D (})
    { 0x6E, 0x3B, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00},   // U+007E (~)
    { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00}    // U+007F
};

// 2-dimensional array of row pin numbers:
const int row[8] = {
  2, 7, 19, 5, 13, 18, 12, 16
};

// 2-dimensional array of column pin numbers:
const int col[8] = {
  6, 11, 10, 3, 17, 4, 8, 9
};

// 2-dimensional array of pixels:
int pixels[8][8];

int count = 1000;

//char str[] = "01234567890abcdefghijklmopqrstuvwxyz";

char str[] = {
  0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27, 
  0x28, 0x29, 0x2A, 0x2B, 0x2C, 0x2D, 0x2E, 0x2F,
  0x30, 0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x34, 0x35, 0x36, 0x37, 
  0x38, 0x39, 0x3A, 0x3B, 0x3C, 0x3D, 0x3E, 0x3F,
  0x40, 0x41, 0x42, 0x43, 0x44, 0x45, 0x46, 0x47, 
  0x48, 0x49, 0x4A, 0x4B, 0x4C, 0x4D, 0x4E, 0x4F,
  0x50, 0x51, 0x52, 0x53, 0x54, 0x55, 0x56, 0x57, 
  0x58, 0x59, 0x5A, 0x5B, 0x5C, 0x5D, 0x5E, 0x5F,
  0x60, 0x61, 0x62, 0x63, 0x64, 0x65, 0x66, 0x67, 
  0x68, 0x69, 0x6A, 0x6B, 0x6C, 0x6D, 0x6E, 0x6F,
  0x70, 0x71, 0x72, 0x73, 0x74, 0x75, 0x76, 0x77, 
  0x78, 0x79, 0x7A, 0x7B, 0x7C, 0x7D, 0x7E, 0x7F,
};

int strLen = sizeof(str);
int ptrChar = 0;

void setup() {

  
  // initialize the I/O pins as outputs
  // iterate over the pins:
  for (int thisPin = 0; thisPin < 8; thisPin++) {
    // initialize the output pins:
    pinMode(col[thisPin], OUTPUT);
    pinMode(row[thisPin], OUTPUT);
    // take the col pins (i.e. the cathodes) high to ensure that
    // the LEDS are off:
    digitalWrite(col[thisPin], HIGH);
  }
  
  setupChar();

}

void loop() {

  // draw the screen:
  refreshScreen();
  
  if(count-- == 0){
    count = 1000;
    setupChar();
  }

}

void setupChar(){

  char c = str[ptrChar];

  for (int x = 0; x < 8; x++) {
    byte bitMask = 0x01;
    byte f = font[c][x];
    for (int y = 0; y < 8; y++) {
      if (f & bitMask){
        pixels[x][y] = LOW;
      }else{
        pixels[x][y] = HIGH;
      }
      bitMask = bitMask << 1;
    }
  }

  ptrChar++;
  if(ptrChar>=strLen){
    ptrChar = 0;
  }

}

void refreshScreen() {
  // iterate over the rows (anodes):
  for (int thisRow = 0; thisRow < 8; thisRow++) {
    // take the row pin (anode) high:
    digitalWrite(row[thisRow], HIGH);
    // iterate over the cols (cathodes):
    for (int thisCol = 0; thisCol < 8; thisCol++) {
      // get the state of the current pixel;
      int thisPixel = pixels[thisRow][thisCol];
      // when the row is HIGH and the col is LOW,
      // the LED where they meet turns on:
      digitalWrite(col[thisCol], thisPixel);
      // turn the pixel off:
      if (thisPixel == LOW) {
        digitalWrite(col[thisCol], HIGH);
      }
    }
    // take the row pin low to turn off the whole row:
    digitalWrite(row[thisRow], LOW);
  }
}

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